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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ea.donntu.org/handle/123456789/27936

Title: Интернализованный политический ресурс в современной экономике России: количе­ственная оценка для регионального круп­ного бизнеса
Other Titles: Інтерналізований та політичний ресурс в сучасній економіці Росії: кількісна оцінка для регіонального великого бізнесу
Authors: Кислицын, Д.В.
Кісліцин, Д.В.
Keywords: internalized political resource
proximity to power
интернализованный политический ресурс
близость к власти
інтерналізований політичний ресурс
близькість до влади
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: ДонНТУ
Citation: Наукові праці Донецького національного технічного університету. Серія: економічна. Випуск 1(43) - Донецьк, ДонНТУ, 2013.
Abstract: Целью статьи является разработка методики оценки политического ресурса, накопленного российским крупным региональным бизнесом. В основе методики лежит анализ советов директоров, которые рассматриваются как «статусный орган», который включает в свой состав доминирующих собственников компании и аффилированных с ними лиц, при этом интенсивность политических связей компании с властью предлагается оценивать через политический статус членов совета директоров данной компании.
Description: The purpose of this paper is to develop methodology for assessing the political resources of Russian large regional business. The methodol­ogy is an analysis of the boards of directors that are considered "status body", which includes in its membership the majority owners of the company and entities affiliated with them, and the intensity of the political relations of the company with the authority is proposed to be evaluated by the politi­cal status of the members of the company's boardof directors. Communication between the government and business, as well as the benefits that the indi­vidual firms gain from their special relationship with the government, have always attracted the attention of researchers. It is proposed to use the term "political resource" by which we understand, in the most general and abstract form, the ability to make transfers of other resources through poli­cy (based on the relationship of subordination) mechanisms. Within political science this phe­nomenon was described by R. Dahl in his "Mod­ern political analysis", where he called it a "cumu­lative inequality" - an asymmetric situation in which control over one of resources leads to the control over other types of resources. Analysis of the literature suggests that the political life is important - it provides firms with privileged access to other resources, particularly to capital, both to bank financing and to equity (mar­ket values of politically influential firms more ex­pensive). This influence can be measured quantita­tively. The mechanism through which firms bene­fit from the use of diverse political resources: tax privileges, investment credits, official delays in the payment of taxes, the transfer of state proper­ty. The principal difficulty that arises before the researchers' politically influential firms "is to determine what kinds of firms have political re­source, or otherwise formulating the question, which is an indicator of political influence. Selec­tion criteria of «political influence» are a non- trivial research problem, which is solved in differ­ent ways by different researchers. Thus it is im­portant that the political resources of what kind of business we evaluate. In this article, we aim to create a model for evaluating the Russian regional political resources of large business. In contrast to the small and medium business, large business, we can offer a number of formal criteria of its hold­ings of internalized political resource. Selected private figures represent one side of an objective role in the regional economy, and on the other - the political status of its owners and managers. At the heart of the study is the analysis of the boards of directors of these companies, but we believe a number of assumptions that allow the develop­ment of a methodology that is optimal for evaluat­ing Russian political life is major regional busi­ness represented typically by non-public compa­nies.
URI: http://ea.donntu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/27936
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