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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ea.donntu.org/handle/123456789/28032

Title: МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЕ ПРОЦЕССА ИЗМЕНЕНИЯ КРИТЕРИЕВ ПРИНЯТИЯ РЕШЕНИЯ В СИСТЕМЕ УПРАВЛЕНИЯ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЕМ
Other Titles: Моделювання процесу зміни критеріїв при­йняття рішень в системі управління підпри­ємством
MODELING THE PROCESS OF CHANGING THE DECISION MAKING CRITERIA IN THE SYSTEM OF COMPANY MANAGEMENT
Authors: Шевченко, В.В.
SHEVCHENKO, V.V.
Keywords: управление
критерий принятия решения
интересы участников
прибыль
безопасность
модифицированная модель Маслоу
management
decision-making criteria
participants interests
income
safety
Maslow's modified model
управління
критерій прийн­яття рішення
інтереси учасників
прибуток
безпека
модифікована модель Маслоу
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: ДонНТУ
Citation: Наукові праці Донецького національного технічного університету. Серія: економічна. Випуск 42. – Донецьк, ДонНТУ, 2012. – 185 с.
Abstract: В работе рассмотрена проблема изме­нения критериев принятия решений в системе управления предприятием. Установлено, что до настоящего времени не существует едино­го подхода для решения данной проблемы. На примере «парадокса Алле» в статье рассмотрены формально-логический и аналитический подходы, которые используются для решения данной проблемы. Предложено использовать модифицированную модель Маслоу, которая позволит получать обоснованный ответ о необходимости выбора наиболее целесообразного критерия принятия решения в управлении предприятием.
Description: Under conditions of unstable market econ­omy, the company adaptation processes become the object of economists' attention. The practice has shown that managers of companies and organ­izations should make timely changes in their ac­tivities in order to achieve the objectives set in changing conditions. Until now there has not been formed a sin­gle concept that would completely explain the cause and conditions under which there appears a need to change already taken decisions and / or to take new ones. Most authors who study decision- making processes in the economy make use of a simple decision-making scheme which is built on the same stages of cause-effect chain: 1) problems identification; 2) development and analysis of possible problem solution ways; 3) realization of decisions taken; 4) the stage of control. The above algorithm is based on the as­sumption of the primary character (presumption) of a problem: first the problem appears (or is iden­tified) - and only afterwards it is solved. However, such an approach should be considered one-sided. In practice, there often appear situations in which the change of earlier decisions is not connected to the appearance (or identification) of new prob­lems, but with the emergence of new perspective opportunities in enterprise or organization func­tioning. In this case, the standard sequence of manager's actions in decisionmaking changes. For the decision not to be intuitive, the director (manager) of the company or organization must have reliable and logical methodological tools to justify the decisionmaking. This article is devoted to partial solution of this problem. The problem of feedback management mechanism formalization can be demonstrated on the example of "Allais paradox," which is often studied when analyzing the problem of decision- making. The paradox of Allais can be tried to be solved using the data of individuals' questioning or using the analytical method. These methods have their advantages and disadvantages. There­fore, this article suggests using the approach pro­posed by the author in modifying Maslow method of needs hierarchy. Modification of this method lies in the fact that the Maslow's standard hierar­chy of needs can be represented as a multi-level system. In this system, each individual level of needs (physiological needs, the need for safety and security, social needs, the need for respect and the need for self-expression) satisfaction can be divided into separate sublevels. The main hy­pothesis (idea) of this approach is that the individ­ual, who has a certain level of income, will prioritize promotion to a higher level of income (profit). In this case, the problem of decision-making crite­ria choice can be solved in a standard way.
URI: http://ea.donntu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/28032
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